Analysis Of Cardiospermum Halicacabum In Phytochemistry
As medicines, plants are as old as human civilization. It's attractive and promising to explore the traditional knowledge of this common disease. Cardiospermum halicacabum, namely "balloon vine" has many relevant uses, including a remediation for arthralgia. The burgeon could be used as vegetables, feed, diuretics, gastrotonica and rubefacients. It can be used to treat rheumatism, lumbago, nervous diseases, moderator in testitis and edema. This kind of plant is harvested in backyards for its medical and edible value. To get precise information from identification of the stem of this plant, researchers do researches on it in pharmacology and physico-chemical aspects, and operate plant chemical analysis as well as collect HPTLC fingerprint. Anatomical studies have shown that coated trichomes, irregular pores, thickened, cavernous and spiral vessels and fibres are present. Large amounts of physico-chemical parameter was calculated, for example, total ash, hydrosoluble ash, acid-Insoluble ash and value withdrawn. Preliminary plant chemical analysis and TLC indicated the presence of saponin, tannin, flaconoid, glucoside and cardiac glycosides. Introduction
Cardiospermum halicacabum is an annual or sometimes perennial climbing plant, usually found as weeds in India. The burgeon could be used as vegetables, feed, diuretics, gastrotonica and rubefacients. It can be used to treat rheumatism, lumbago, nervous diseases, moderator in testitis and edema. It is used to treat fracture in Sri Lanka. The juice of its herb is used in the treatment of earache and hardened tumours. It has notable effect of pain relief, anti-inflammatory action and vascular inhibitory activity, though it is essentially temporary. Vitro studies have revealed its antispasmodic and therapeutic action, and proved its application in Ayurvedic medicine.
There are various kinds of products in the market, such as gel, cream, shampoo, atomization, etc. These products can be used to repair dry itching skin and eliminate scurf. In the glocal market, balloon vine has been used in several products, like ‘Love in a Puff ’, ‘Balloon Vine’ and ‘Heartseed’. As a natural relief for hay fever, allergy, sneezing, and epiphora, it is also one of ingredients to make “Allergy Relief Liquid TM” and “BioforcePollinosan®Tabs” sold by Bioforce USA. At the same time, Boericke and Tafel, another American company, manufactures “Florasone Cardiospermum Cream” for the treatment of skin diseases, such as swelling, desquamation, blisters, burning, and pain. These products get support from various evidences concerning many medical properties of balloon vine.
Nevertheless, there is clear distinction in plant species on the basis of flowers, it will become quite difficult to distinguish them when the crude pharmaceuticals are dry and cut pieces.
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